TTransylvania is a historical region which is located in central Romania. Bound on the east and south by the Carpathian Mountains, historical Transylvania extends westward to the Apuseni Mountains.

The earliest known reference to Transylvania appears in a Medieval Latin document in 1075 as ultra silvam, meaning "beyond the forest". Transylvania was once the center of the Kingdom of Dacia (82 BC – 106 AD). In 106 AD the Roman Empire conquered the territory, systematically exploiting its resources, mainly gold. The ancient mines can still be visited, as they preserved very well.

Between 1003 and 1526, Transylvania was a region in the Kingdom of Hungary. The Habsburgs acquired the territory shortly after the Battle of Vienna in 1683. In 1687, the rulers of Transylvania recognized the suzerainty of the Habsburg emperor Leopold I, and the region was officially attached to the Habsburg Empire. Following defeat in World War I, Austria-Hungary disintegrated. Elected representatives of the ethnic Romanians from Transylvania, Banat, Crisana and Maramures backed by the mobilization of Romanian troops, proclaimed Union with Romania on 1 December 1918.

The main city in Transylvania is Cluj-Napoca, commonly known as Cluj, also the second largest city in Romania, after Bucharest. Brasov is another important tourist destination, especially for its historical and cultural sites. Sibiu, also included in our packages, is one of the most important cultural centres of Romania and was designated the European Capital of Culture for the year 2007. In Transylvania, there are many medieval smaller towns, the most renowned being, by far, Sighisoara. This is a popular tourist destination for its well-preserved walled old town, which is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

The Western world commonly associates Transylvania with vampires, because of the influence of Bram Stoker's novel Dracula and its many film adaptations. In the 2016 top by Lonely Planet, "Best in Travel 2016", Transylvania ranked first amongst the regions that should be visited. In the opinion of publishers, Transylvania does not just mean "vampire land", is also a region that still holds a lot of fortified churches and villages of a special beauty. This is the best place to rediscover hundreds of years old traditions and customs.

Looking forward to be being your trusted guide in Transylvania!


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